Varalakshmi vratham is the most auspicious festival celebrated by married woman to commemorate Goddess Mahalakshmi. Worshipping Goddess Lakshmi on this day is equivalent to worshipping Ashtalakshmi ( 8 Lakshmi)– Goddesses of Wealth(Shri), Earth(Bhu), Learning(Saraswati), Love(Priti), Fame(Kirti), Peace(Shanti), Pleasure(Tushti) and Strength(Pushti). Every year Varalakshmi Vratham is observed in the Sravana month. It is celebrated on Friday proceeding the full moon day. Those who cannot perform it on that day, can do it on any other Friday in that month. On this day, married woman should observe fasting till they finish the pooja.
Varalakshmi Vratham 2017 Date – 04/08/2017
Varalakshmi Vratham 2018 Date – 24/08/2018
Varalakshmi Vratham 2019 Date – 09/08/2019
Varalakshmi vratham 2020 Date – 31/07/2020
Varalakshmi vratham 2020 Date – 20/08/2021
Pre preparatory works
On Thursday morning,wash all the pooja vessels and kalasha pot.Wash the lamps, keep kumkum dots and put threads.Oil the lamp and keep it ready for the next day use.Make the thoran and pongu nool and arrange the other pooja things in a plate.
You can also prepare the stuffing for sweet pooran kozhukattai,soak the pulses for sundal and grind the batter for idli.
Padi Poojai/Chukkalu pette pandaga(Telugu)on Thursday evening
On thursday evening around 5.30 pm, sweep the entrance of each room (Nilai padi/vaasal padi).Apply turmeric on the sides and draw 2 lines using kumkum.It is partitioned into three divisions.Put chandan & kumkum dots.This pooja is done to welcome Goddess Lakshmi and it shows the beginning of next day function.Light the lamp, perform pooja by keeping some neivdeyam like sundal , sweet appam etc.
You can also keep the manai/Wooden plank/Peeta and place a banana leaf over it.Spread the raw rice and keep it ready for next day’s pooja.Remember you should not keep the kalasha now. It should be kept only on Friday
Early in the morning women after taking bath, make a rangoli on the place where the kalasha is placed. The sacred Kalasha (brass/copper/silver) filled with rice and topped with fresh betel or leaves, a coconut and cloth are placed on the mandala and Lakshmi is invoked. Goddess is invoked by decorating the Kalasa with flowers, jewellery, vastra fruits, dry fruits, fresh grains, sweets and savouries.
If you have not used the skirt for regular use other than wearing for amman during last year, you can use the same skirt for the current year too else its better to buy an new one. For amman’s hands, you can put bangles either gold or glass. Here readymade small sized mangalyam is available in pooja stores. You can buy and wear that. If its not available in your place, you can put a gold coin in yellow rope.
Some place coins, or rupee notes or make a garland of notes. The Vratha is performed with the beginning of pooja to Lord Ganesha. Then the main worship of Varalakshmi begins. The raksha is worshiped for a second time and tied to the right hand of the woman.
Any auspicious festival should be started with Lord Ganesh pooja. Evening 6pm is considered auspicious time to do pooja. So make a small cone shaped Ganesha using turmeric powder (Manjal pillayar). Place it near the kalasha. Read the sthothram given below and worship Lord Ganesha to do this pooja without any obstacle and after chanting the sthothram, move the Ganesh towards North direction.
Avahanam and Anga Pooja
After finishing Ganesha pooja, take some flowers and akshatha in hand and chant the Avahanam slokha.Visualise Goddess Lakshmi in mind and offer the flowers and akshatha to kalasha. Goddess Lakshmi is invited to our house.
Lakshmi Ksheera Samudra Raaja Tanaya
Sree Ranga Dhaameshvari
Daasi Bhootha Samasata Deva Vanithaam
Sreeman Manda Kataaksha Labdha Vibhava
Tvaam Trailokya Kudumbineem
Sarasijam Vande Mukunda Priyaam
Following this, chant Lakshmi Ashtothram(108) by offering flowers to Kalasha.
How to do simple Varalakshmi Pooja
Some people don’t have the practice of Varalakshmi Vratham but still they may like to perform this pooja in a simple way.For doing a simple pooja: Light the lamp,keep some neivedyam and do the pooja by chanting Mahalakshmi Ashtothram.Distribute the Thamboolam and prasadam by inviting married woman to your house in the evening.There are no hard and fast rules in performing the Varalakshmi Puja and you can be flexible on the puja items. Even a simple prayer will please Goddess Lakshmi.
On this auspicious day,lets pray Goddess Vara Mahalakshmi to bless us with peace,health & wealth !!
If you do pooja by keeping idol at home, its auspicious to invite married ladies to your house and give thamboolam. If you are just doing a simple pooja, then you can distribute prasadam and thamboolam by going to their houses OR you can take everything to a nearby temple and distribute there too. Once you finish the pooja, you can have the food. No need to wait until prasadam distribution.
You can keep the decorated amman till saturday morning. Do pooja with simple neivedyam in the morning and then remove it.